Radiation therapy is treatment with high-energy rays or particles that destroy cancer cells. Some women with breast cancer will need radiation, in addition to other treatments. Radiation therapy is used in several situations:.
Breast cancer is the abnormal growth and uncontrolled division of cells in the breast. Cancer cells can invade and destroy surrounding normal tissue, and can spread throughout the body via blood or lymph fluid clear fluid bathing body cells to start a new cancer in another part of the body. Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among American women, withnew cases a year and about 46, annual deaths.
Skip to Content. Use the menu to see other pages. Care for people diagnosed with cancer does not end when active treatment has finished.
The purpose of this pictorial essay is to illustrate the multimodality imaging findings of a wide spectrum of radiation-induced complications of breast cancer in the sequence of occurrence. We have classified radiation-induced complications into three groups based on the time sequence of occurrence. Knowledge of these findings will allow for the early detection of complications as well as the ability to differentiate tumor recurrence. The primary target of radiation therapy is the eradication of microscopic residual disease adjacent to the original site of the tumor as well as the elimination of any evidence of multicentric disease.
Fat Necrosis is a pseudo-mass which may develop within the breast, often presenting as a lump which a woman discovers herself. Sometimes fat necrosis only shows up on a screening mammogram. Fat necrosis almost always occurs as an after effect of surgery of the breast.
Breast cancer refers to cancer that begins in the cells within the breasts. It can metastasize spread from the breasts to other areas of the body, such as the bones and liver. Most of the early symptoms of breast cancer involve changes to the breasts.
Recurrent breast cancer is breast cancer that comes back after initial treatment. Although the initial treatment is aimed at eliminating all cancer cells, a few may have evaded treatment and survived. These undetected cancer cells multiply, becoming recurrent breast cancer.
External beam radiation uses high-powered beams of energy to kill cancer cells. Beams of radiation are precisely aimed at the cancer using a machine that moves around your body. Radiation therapy for breast cancer uses high-energy X-rays, protons or other particles to kill cancer cells. Rapidly growing cells, such as cancer cells, are more susceptible to the effects of radiation therapy than are normal cells.
Breast lump removal is surgery to remove a lump that may be breast cancer. Tissue around the lump is also removed. This surgery is called an excisional breast biopsy, or lumpectomy.