The site was first settled around A. The site flourished for about 1, years until the Spanish invaded. Pachacamac covers about hectares of land. Pacha Kamaq 'Earth-Maker' was considered the creator god by the people who lived in this part of Peru before the Inca Quienes eran las mamaconas yahoo dating. The Inca took him into their pantheon: The myths that survive of Pacha Kamaq are sparse and confused: In the s archaeologists first began exploring Pachacamac.
They found many enormous buildings and burials that had been previously looted. The first sacred section of the site includes temples of religious significance and a large cemetery.
The second section includes several buildings which are mainly secular pyramids. In this complex of buildings were mud-brick stepped pyramids with ramps and plazas. These buildings were dated between the Quienes eran las mamaconas yahoo dating s and the mids.
The three most famous pyramids are all found in the first sacred section.
Peter Eekhout is an archaeologist who studied and excavated the site of Pachacamac. According to Eekhout, "For decades most scholars thought Quienes eran las mamaconas yahoo dating pyramids from the second section were religious "embassies" that delegations from far-off communities who came to worship, bring tribute, and make offerings to Pachacamac".
However, Eekhout came to a different conclusion after his work at the site. Eekhout and his team found that the structures lacked the features that characterized religious centers of the time. The Temple of the Sun seen below is 30,m squared in size and is in the shape of a trapezoid. It has the common step pyramid architecture which forms terraces around the structure. This temple has been dated to Quienes eran las mamaconas yahoo dating time of Inca control over Even though there is no concrete proof, some archaeologists believe human sacrifices may have taken place at this the
Quienes eran las mamaconas yahoo dating. Sacrifices of women and children were found in an Inca cemetery within a portion of the structure.
Burial goods found with the sacrifices point to the sacrifices originating from coastal societies. Most of the common buildings and temples were built c.
Archaeologists had uncovered multiple grave sites. Each site may date back to different time periods of Pachacamac's history, and these Quienes eran las mamaconas yahoo dating sites are located in different parts of the city.
In the Southeastern part of the city in the Temple of Inti The Inca Sun Godarcheologists had found a cemetery that was set apart for the mamacuna Virgins for the Sunwomen who had important status.
These women wove textiles for priests, and brewed corn beer which was used in
Quienes eran las mamaconas yahoo dating festivals. The women were sacrificed in the highest ritual; they had been strangled with cotton garrote, and some women still had the cotton twisted around their neck. They were wrapped in fine cloth and they were buried in stone tombs and each have been surround by offering found in the highlands of Peru area such as coca, quinoa, and cayenne peppers.
The tomb contained offerings such as ceramic vessels, copper and gold alloy objects, wooden masks, and dogs and guinea pigs.
A number of Huari-influenced designs appear on the structures and on the ceramics and textiles found in the cemeteries of this period. After the collapse of the Huari empire, Pachacamac continued to grow as a religious center.
The majority of the common architecture and temples were built during this stage c. The Inca Empire invaded Pachacamac and took over the site around For the Inca, Pachacamac was extremely important to religion as well as an important administration center. When the Inca started their conquest, they had their own creation god, Viracocha. However, out of respect for the religion of their conquered people, the Inca entered Pacha Kamaq into their religion, but Pacha Kamaq and Viracocha were not equals, Viracocha was believed to be more powerful.
They used Pachacamac primarily as a religious Quienes eran las mamaconas yahoo dating for the veneration of the Pacha Kamaqthe creator god. The Ichma joined the Incan Empire along with Pachacamac. The Inca maintained it as a religious shrine and allowed the Pachacamac priests to continue functioning independently of the Inca priesthood.
This included the oraclewhom the Inca presumably consulted.
The Inca built five additional buildings, including a temple to the sun on the main square. Archaeologists believe pilgrims may have played a part in life at Pachacamac for a couple thousand years before the Inca claimed the site as part of their empire.
At sites like Pachacamac, the Spanish used local resentment of the Inca as a tactic for overthrowing Inca rule. After the Battle of CajamarcaFrancisco Pizarro sent his brother Hernando Pizarroand fourteen horsemen, to Pachacamac to collect its gold riches. According to Cieza, the priests learned of the Spanish defilement of the Cuzco temple, and "ordered the virgin mamaconas to leave the Temple of the
Quienes eran las mamaconas yahoo dating from where - Quienes eran las mamaconas yahoo dating well as from the Temple of Pachacamac - they say they removed more than four hundred cargas of gold.
They hid it in secret places, and it has not appeared to this day, nor will it appear, except by chance, because all those who knew about it and hid it, as well as those ordered it, are dead. On the return trip through the Jauja ValleyHernando received the surrender of Chalcuchimac.
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