With an estimated population of it is also the 39th most-populous city in the United States. The city serves as the cultural and economic center of the Atlanta metropolitan areahome to 5. A small portion of the city extends eastward into neighboring DeKalb County. Atlanta was founded as a transportation hub at the intersection of two railroad lines in After being mostly burned to the ground during the American Civil Warthe city rose from its ashes to become a national center of commerce and the unofficial capital of the " New South ".
During the s and s, Atlanta became a major organizing center of the civil rights movement, with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. In the decades Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating, the city earned a reputation as "too busy to hate" for the relatively progressive views of its citizens and leaders compared to other cities
Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating the " Deep South ". Prior to the arrival of European settlers in north Georgia, Creek Indians inhabited the area.
Inthe Georgia General Assembly voted to build the Western and Atlantic Railroad in order to provide a link between the port of Savannah and the Midwest.
After engineers Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating various possible locations for the terminus, the "zero milepost" was driven into the ground in what is now Five Points.
A year later, the area around the milepost had developed into Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating settlement, first known as "Terminus", and later as "Thrasherville" after a local merchant who built homes and a general store in the area. ByAtlanta's population had grown to 9, Inthe Union Army moved southward following the capture of Chattanooga and began its Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating of north Georgia.
The region surrounding Atlanta was the location of several major army battlesculminating with the Battle of Atlanta and a four-month-long siege of the city by the Union Army under the command of General William Tecumseh Sherman.
On September 1,Confederate General John Bell Hood made the decision to retreat from Atlanta, and he ordered the destruction of all public buildings and possible assets that could be of use to the Union Army. On the next day, Mayor James Calhoun surrendered Atlanta to the Union Army, and on September 7, Sherman ordered the city's civilian population to evacuate.
On November 11,Sherman prepared for the Union Army's March to the Sea by ordering the destruction of Atlanta's remaining military assets.
After the Civil War ended inAtlanta was gradually rebuilt. Due to the city's superior rail transportation network, the state capital was moved from Milledgeville Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating Atlanta in Beginning in the s, Henry W. Gradythe editor of the Atlanta Constitution newspaper, promoted Atlanta to potential investors as a city of the " New South " that would be based upon a modern economy and less reliant on agriculture.
InAtlanta hosted the Cotton States and International Expositionwhich attracted nearlyattendees and successfully promoted the New South's development to the world. During the first decades of the 20th century, Atlanta experienced a period of unprecedented growth. In three decades' time, Atlanta's population tripled as Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating city limits expanded to include nearby streetcar suburbs.
The city's skyline emerged with the construction of the EquitableFlatironEmpireand Candler buildings; and Sweet Auburn emerged as a center of black commerce. The period was also marked by strife and tragedy. Increased racial tensions led to the Atlanta Race Riot ofwhich left at least 27 people dead and over 70 injured.
InLeo Franka Jewish-American factory superintendent, was convicted of the murder of a year-old girl in a highly publicized trial most see as Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating been deeply tainted by anti-Semitism. He was hanged in Marietta by a lynch in after having his death sentence commuted, an event which deeply impacted the Jewish community in Atlanta and across the country, and was part of what sparked the revival of
Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating Ku Klux Klan.
On December 15,Atlanta hosted the premiere of Gone with the Windthe epic film based on the best-selling novel by Atlanta's Margaret Mitchell. Selznickand the film's stars Clark GableVivien Leighand Olivia de Havillandbut Oscar winner Hattie McDanielan African American actress, was barred from the event due to racial segregation laws and policies.
Atlanta played a vital role in the Allied effort during World War II due to the city's war-related manufacturing companies, railroad network and military bases, leading to rapid population and economic growth.
In the s, the city's newly constructed highway system allowed middle class Atlantans the ability to relocate to the suburbs. As a result, the city began to make up an ever-smaller proportion of the metropolitan area's population. During the s, Atlanta was a major organizing center of the civil rights movementwith Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. While minimal compared to other cities, Atlanta was not free of racial strife. Inwhites Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating Under Mayor Jackson's tenure, Atlanta's airport was modernized, solidifying the city's role as a transportation center.
The opening of the Georgia World Congress Center in heralded Atlanta's rise as a convention city. Atlanta was selected the site for the Summer Olympic Games. Following the announcementthe city
Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating undertook several major construction projects to improve Atlanta's parks, sporting venues, and transportation infrastructure.
While Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating games themselves were marred by numerous organizational inefficiencies as well as the Centennial Olympic Park bombing the spectacle was a watershed event in Atlanta's Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating that initiated a fundamental transformation of the city in the decade that followed.
During the s, Atlanta underwent a profound physical, culturaland demographic transformation. Located at the far northwestern edge of the city, much of the river's natural habitat is preserved, in part by the Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area.
Most of Atlanta was burned during the Civil War, depleting city of a large stock of its historic architecture. Yet architecturally, the city had never been traditionally "southern" because Atlanta originated as a railroad town, rather than a patrician southern seaport like Savannah or Charleston.
Many of the city's landmarks share architectural characteristics with buildings in the Northeast or Midwest. During the Cold War era, Atlanta embraced global modernist trends, especially regarding commercial and institutional
Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating. In the latter half of the s, Atlanta became one of the early Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating of postmodern designs that reintroduced classical elements to the cityscape. Many of Atlanta's tallest skyscrapers were built in the s and early s, with most displaying tapering spires or otherwise ornamented crowns, such as the 1,square-footThe Fox Theatre —Atlanta's cultural icon—would have met the same fate had it not been for a grassroots effort to save it in the mids.
Atlanta is divided into officially defined neighborhoods. DowntownMidtownand Buckhead. Downtown Atlanta contains the most office space in the metro area, much of it occupied by government entities. Downtown is home to the city's Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating venues and many of Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating tourist attractions.
Midtown Atlanta is the city's second-largest business district, containing the offices of many of the region's law firms. Midtown is known for its art institutions, cultural attractions, institutions of higher education, and dense form.
The district is marked by an urbanized core along Peachtree Roadsurrounded by suburban single-family neighborhoods situated among dense forests and rolling hills. Atlanta's three high-rise districts are the city's low- and medium-density neighborhoods where the craftsman bungalow single-family home is dominant.
These neighborhoods, many of which contain their own villages encircled by shaded, architecturally-distinct residential streets, include the Victorian Inman ParkBohemian East Atlantaand eclectic Old Fourth Ward.
Drive, including those neighborhoods remote to downtown, such as Riverside, Bolton Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating Whittier Mill, which is one of Atlanta's designated Landmark Historical Neighborhoods. Vine City, though technically Northwest, adjoins the city's Downtown area and has recently been the target of community outreach programs and economic development initiatives. Gentrification of the city's neighborhoods is one of the more controversial and transformative forces shaping contemporary Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating. The gentrification of Atlanta has its origins in the s, after many of Atlanta's neighborhoods had undergone the urban decay that affected other major American cities in the midth century.
When neighborhood successfully prevented two freeways from being built through city's the east side inthe area became the starting point for Atlanta's Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating. After Atlanta was awarded the Olympic games ingentrification expanded into other parts of the city, stimulated by infrastructure improvements undertaken in preparation for the games.
Gentrification post has been aided by the Atlanta Housing Authority 's eradication of the city's public housing more recently, the construction of the Beltline. Summers are hot and humid, with temperatures somewhat moderated by the city's elevation. Typical of the southeastern U. The average annual rainfall is Tornadoes are rare in the city itself, but the March 14, EF2 tornado damaged prominent structures in downtown Atlanta.
The United Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating Census reported that Atlanta had a population ofThe racial makeup and population of Atlanta was Those from some other race made up 2. Hispanics of any race made up 5. Atlanta has one of the highest LGBT populations per capita, ranking third among major American cities, behind San Francisco and slightly behind Seattlewith In the Census, Atlanta was recorded as the nation's fourth-largest majority-black city.
It has long been known as a center of African-American political power, education, and culture, often called a black mecca. From tothe city's black population decreased by 31, people, shrinking from At the same time, the white population of Atlanta has increased.
Between Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating proportion of whites in the city's
Historia de la atlantida grew faster than that of any other U. Out of the total population five years and older, Religion in Atlantawhile historically centered on Protestant Christianitynow involves many faiths as a result of the city and metro area's increasingly international population.
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Metro Atlanta also has numerous ethnic or national Christian congregations, including Korean and Indian churches.
The larger non-Christian faiths are JudaismIslam and Hinduism. Overall, there are over 1, places of worship within Atlanta. Corporate operations play a major role in Atlanta's economy, as the city claims the nation's third-largest concentration of Fortune companies. Atlanta started as a railroad town, and logistics has been Historia de la atlantida yahoo dating major component of the city's economy to this day.
Atlanta serves as an rail junction and contains major classification yards for Norfolk Southern and CSX.
Since its construction in the s, Hartsfield—Jackson Atlanta International Airport has served as a key engine of the city's economic growth.
Media is also an important aspect of Atlanta's economy. In fact, the city is even a major cable television programming center. Cox Enterprisesthe nation's third-largest cable television service and the publisher of over a dozen American newspapers, is headquartered in the city. Information technology—a business sector that includes publishing, software development, entertainment and data processing—has garnered a larger percentage of Atlanta's economic output.
Atlanta has, indeed, been nicknamed the " Silicon peach " thanks to its burgeoning technology sector. The city also is ranked as the sixth fastest-growing community for information technology jobs, with an employment growth of 4.
Information technology companies are drawn to Atlanta's lower costs and educated workforce.